Skip to main content (Press Enter).
Mission & Vision
Naval Oceanographic Office
Fleet Numerical Meteorology & Oceanography Center
United States Naval Observatory
News from the Naval Observatory
Earth Orientation Department
USNO Earth Orientation Products
Contents of Bulletin A
USNO GPS Products
GPS User Information
USNO VLBI-based Products
VLBI Correlator Data
VLBI-based Earth Orientation Parameters (EOP)
Earth Orientation Information Center
General Information about Earth Orientation
Frequently Asked Questions About Earth Orientation
What Is Earth Orientation?
What Is Polar Motion?
What does the Earth rotation coordinate measure?
What is the Celestial Pole Offset?
What is a Leap Second?
How do we measure Earth Orientation?
What causes variations in the Earth's orientation?
Who uses Earth orientation information?
Publications About Earth Orientation Products
Earth Orientation Software
Precise Time Department
The USNO Master Clock
The USNO Master Clock
Time Dissemination at the USNO
USNO Alternate Master Clock (AMC)
Cesium Atomic Clocks
Hydrogen Masers at the USNO
Rubidium Fountain Clocks
USNO Time Scales
International Time Scales and the BIPM
Definitions of Systems of Time
Global Positioning System
Global Positioning System Overview
USNO GPS Data Categories Explanation
CGGTTS Data Format
USNO GPS Time Transfer
GPS Information: SA, DGPS, Leap Seconds, etc.
GPS Week Number Rollover
GPS Timing Data and Information
USNO Format Explanation
USNO Computer Display Clocks
Two-Way Satellite Time Transfer (TWSTT)
Network Time Protocol (NTP)
US Eastern Time Zone NTP Servers
US Mountain Time Zone Servers
DoD Customer Servers
Astronomical Applications Department
Celestial Reference Frame Department
Naval Oceanography Operations Command
Fleet Weather Center - Norfolk
Fleet Weather Center - San Diego
Joint Typhoon Warning Center
Public Use of Limitations
Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command
Operations Technical Director, U.S. National Ice Center
13 June 2022
Ms. Panowicz has been with the USNIC Since 2001. First, as an Ice Analyst and Forecaster in the Operations Department, and currently as the USNIC Operations Technical Director (OTD). She is an advisor to the Commanding Officer on operational matters as they pertain to the effectiveness and efficiency with which the USNIC meets its mission and goals. As the USNIC's Subject Matter Expert in operational sea ice services, she works with the Operations Department, focusing on providing relevant sea ice information services to our users. She is also the primary USNIC operational representative to national and international organizations.
Prior to coming to the USNIC, Ms. Panowicz worked at the Joint Warfare Analysis Center in Dahlgren, VA. She also served in the US Navy providing synoptic weather, local forecasting, aviation forecasting, and anti-submarine warfare products. Along with the multitude of meteorological and oceanographic training and qualifications earned during her time in the US Navy, she holds a BS in Environmental Management.
U.S. NATONAL ICE CENTER
DoD Accessibility/Section 508
No Fear Act
Plain Writing Act
Veterans Crisis Line
DoD Safe Helpline
Commander, Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command | 1100 Balch Blvd. | Stennis Space Center, Mississippi 39529
Official U.S. Navy Website