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Mission & Vision
Naval Oceanographic Office
Fleet Numerical Meteorology & Oceanography Center
United States Naval Observatory
News from the Naval Observatory
Earth Orientation Department
USNO Earth Orientation Products
Contents of Bulletin A
USNO GPS Products
GPS User Information
USNO VLBI-based Products
VLBI Correlator Data
VLBI-based Earth Orientation Parameters (EOP)
Earth Orientation Information Center
General Information about Earth Orientation
Frequently Asked Questions About Earth Orientation
What Is Earth Orientation?
What Is Polar Motion?
What does the Earth rotation coordinate measure?
What is the Celestial Pole Offset?
What is a Leap Second?
How do we measure Earth Orientation?
What causes variations in the Earth's orientation?
Who uses Earth orientation information?
Publications About Earth Orientation Products
Earth Orientation Software
Precise Time Department
The USNO Master Clock
The USNO Master Clock
Time Dissemination at the USNO
USNO Alternate Master Clock (AMC)
Cesium Atomic Clocks
Hydrogen Masers at the USNO
Rubidium Fountain Clocks
USNO Time Scales
International Time Scales and the BIPM
Definitions of Systems of Time
Global Positioning System
Global Positioning System Overview
USNO GPS Data Categories Explanation
CGGTTS Data Format
USNO GPS Time Transfer
GPS Information: SA, DGPS, Leap Seconds, etc.
GPS Week Number Rollover
GPS Timing Data and Information
USNO Format Explanation
USNO Computer Display Clocks
Two-Way Satellite Time Transfer (TWSTT)
Network Time Protocol (NTP)
US Eastern Time Zone NTP Servers
US Mountain Time Zone Servers
DoD Customer Servers
Astronomical Applications Department
Celestial Reference Frame Department
Senior Enlisted Advisor
Naval Oceanography Operations Command
Fleet Weather Center - Norfolk
Fleet Weather Center - San Diego
Joint Typhoon Warning Center
Public Use of Limitations
Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command
Captain Kim Freitas
Executive Officer, Naval Oceanographic Office
14 June 2022
Capt. Kim Freitas was born and raised in Vienna, Va., and graduated from the Pennsylvania State University in May 2000 with a Bachelor of Science degree in biology. She earned a Master of Science degree in meteorology and physical oceanography from the Naval Postgraduate School. She also attended the Joint Forces Staff College to complete her track as a Joint Qualified Officer.
Upon commissioning as a Surface Warfare Officer in 2000, she reported to USS Monterey (CG 61) as the first division officer / first lieutenant, training officer, and assistant operations officer. During this time, she completed participation in Operation Noble Eagle in response to the attacks on September 11, 2001, as well as deployments to South America in support of UNITAS and to U.S. Fifth Fleet in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Following her qualification as a surface warfare officer, Freitas transferred into the naval oceanography community in 2002.
Her shore duty assignments include serving as Optimum Track Ship Routing duty officer and command duty officer, Naval Pacific Meteorology and Oceanography Command in Yokosuka, Japan, from 2003-2004; flag aide to the Oceanographer of the Navy in Washington, D.C., from 2004-2005; shift director in the Situation Centre at Joint Force Command in Brunssum, Netherlands, from 2008-2010; and coordination officer and naval support officer for the NATO Integrated Meteorology and Oceanography Coordination Centre at Supreme Headquarters, Allied Powers Europe, in Casteau, Belgium, from 2010-2012. During her time at JFC Brunssum, she deployed to Kabul in support of International Security Assistance Force Afghanistan.
From 2015-2017, she served as the flag oceanographer for Carrier Strike Group Eight, embarked on USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75), where she deployed in support of
Operation Inherent Resolve. She then reported as Seventh Fleet oceanographer embarked on USS Blue Ridge (LCC 19), from 2017-2020, participating in numerous exercises and engagements in support of U.S. Indo-Pacific Command tasking.
From 2012 to 2014, Freitas participated in the Navy’s Career Intermission Program and lived in Lisbon, Portugal, where her husband served in the Portuguese Navy.
Freitas took command of Strike Group Oceanography Team San Diego in 2020, where she served for two years, before reporting as executive officer of the Naval Oceanographic Office at Stennis Space Center, Miss., in May 2022.
Her personal awards include the Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal, and the Navy Achievement Medal.
Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO)
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Commander, Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command | 1100 Balch Blvd. | Stennis Space Center, Mississippi 39529
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